Panchakarma is a bio cleaning regimen intended to eliminate the toxic elements from the body and thereby enhance the quality of life. Panchakarma presents a unique approach of Ayurveda with specially designed five procedures of internal purification of the body. It is a procedure in which Utklista doshas (humours) are expelled out through the nearest route after Snehana and Swedana. It is a curative line of treatment for all diseases which are not amenable to Shamana Chikitsa.
The panchakarmas explained in ayurvedic classics are Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Raktamokshana.
Panchakarma can also be administered in Swastha (healthy individual) as a preventive measure. Besides the application in the treatment of disease, they are also used as preparatory measures before surgery and before administration of Rasayana (rejuvenation therapy).
Panchakarma is mainly administered with the intention of Shodhana(cleaning). But along with Shodhana effect, it imparts other benefits like Brimhana, Rasayana, and Shamana etc. Along with Panchakarma its Upakramas like Udvartana, Utsadana, Abhyanga, Shirodhara etc being successfully practised in the treatment of a wide variety of disorders. Panchakarma and Para Panchakarma Procedures are widely useful in the treatment of Acute and Chronic disorders. In most of the acute manifested disorders, Ama or Agnimandhya will be associated. In such conditions directly Panchakarma cannot be administered. But for correcting Sama Stage and Agni Mandya Dipana –Pachana, Ruksha Svedana like Valuka Sveda, Churna Pinda Sveda etc may be employed and later on disease/Dosha specific Panchakarma can be employed.
Panchakarma and Ritu
The panchakarmas which are indicated in particular seasons to improve the health and quality of life are as follows