Panchakarma is a bio cleaning regimen intended to eliminate the toxic elements from the body and thereby enhance the quality of life. Panchakarma presents a unique approach of Ayurveda with specially designed five procedures of internal purification of the body. It is a procedure in which Utklista doshas (humours) are expelled out through the nearest route after Snehana and Swedana. It is a curative line of treatment for all diseases which are not amenable to Shamana Chikitsa.

The panchakarmas explained in ayurvedic classics are Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Raktamokshana.

Panchakarma can also be administered in Swastha (healthy individual) as a preventive measure. Besides the application in the treatment of disease, they are also used as preparatory measures before surgery and before administration of Rasayana (rejuvenation therapy).

Why Panchakarma?

  • Method of bio-purification through natural orifices
  • Unique treatment modality
  • Real pathogenesis breaker
  • “Na Punarudbhava” – Long-lasting effect

Panchakarma is mainly administered with the intention of Shodhana(cleaning). But along with Shodhana effect, it imparts other benefits like Brimhana, Rasayana, and Shamana etc. Along with Panchakarma its Upakramas like Udvartana, Utsadana, Abhyanga, Shirodhara etc being successfully practised in the treatment of a wide variety of disorders. Panchakarma and Para Panchakarma Procedures are widely useful in the treatment of Acute and Chronic disorders. In most of the acute manifested disorders, Ama or Agnimandhya will be associated. In such conditions directly Panchakarma cannot be administered. But for correcting Sama Stage and Agni Mandya Dipana –Pachana, Ruksha Svedana like Valuka Sveda, Churna Pinda Sveda etc may be employed and later on disease/Dosha specific Panchakarma can be employed.

Panchakarma and Ritu

The panchakarmas which are indicated in particular seasons to improve the health and quality of life are as follows

  • Hemanta Rutu (Nov-Jan)-Abhyanga
  • Vasanta Rutu (Mar-May) Vamana, Virechana, Asthapana, Anuvasana, Nasya
  • Varsha Rutu (July-Sep)- Basti is indicated
  • Varsha Rutu (July-Sep)-Tikta Ghritapana, Virechana, Raktamokshana
  • The therapy which forcibly eliminates morbid dosha out from the body through the mouth is known as Vamana karma.
  • It is the best therapy for the elimination of morbid Kapha and curing disorder of Kapha.
  • In addition, if performed at the beginning of the spring season it promotes health and protects the patient from getting afflicted with Kapha disorders.
  • But Vamana cannot be prescribed, if the person is suffering from acute conditions of vital organs (like heart, kidney…..etc,) emaciated persons, weak persons, young children, in old age and in pregnancy.
  • The therapy which eliminates the morbid dosha through the rectum by the action of purgation is known as virechana karma.
  • Compared to Vamana karma virechana is more acceptable and less troublesome to the patient.
  • This is the best treatment for the elimination of morbid pitta and also for Kapha and Vata to some extent.
  • Virechana performed first at the beginning of the autumn season prevents the occurrence of pitta disorders in healthy persons: which promotes health and prevents ageing.
  • The therapy in which the drugs are administered through the rectum is called Basti karma.
  • It is named so because in the earlier days urinary bladder of animals was used to prepare the instrument for the administration of the medicine
  • Basti karma is best amongst the therapeutic measures and is widely indicated for its multiple actions.
  • It is the best treatment for Vata and its disorders but is equally effective in pitta, Kapha and Rakta and their disorders: provided appropriate drugs are needed in its preparations.
  • Due to these multifaceted actions, it is considered as half of the treatment in (internal medicine branch), though some scholars consider it as complete treatment.
  • Basti provides positive health, enhances digestion, body strength, voice, complexion, intelligence establishes youth hence prevents aging and promotes longevity.
  • It is beneficial for all-weather, child, youth or aged and is free from any risk.
  • Basti is very effective in infertility in women due to Vata and in male sexual disorders and emaciated persons.
  • The administration of medicine through the nose is called Nasya Karma.
  • It is particularly useful in the treatment of the disorders occurring in the organ situated above the clavicle
  • It promotes the function of sensory and motor organs.
  • It specifically provides strength to the neck, shoulder, arm, chest, head, teeth and jaws and prevents the occurrence of wrinkles, grey hair, and hair fall.
  • This procedure is indicated in vitiation of blood specifically in diseases like Kushtha (skin diseases), Vatarakta (gouty arthritis).
  • It’s a unique para surgical measure indicated in various diseases where gross vitiation of Rakta is present.