Shalakya Tantra

Shalakya Tantra is the branch of Ayurveda which deals with ailments above the neck. Sreedhareeyam specializes in Shalakya Tantra, and especially Netra Ckitsa (Treatment of Eye Diseases) aided by the extensive knowledge that was handed down in the family through centuries and polished with clinical experience. All the doctors here are professionally qualified, but at the same time, enriched with the traditional collection of knowledge scriptures in Nellikkattu Mana. All the medicines and treatment methods are constantly evaluated by the continuous research and clinical study centres, which subsequently perfected the methods in use.
The treatments taken are decided after identifying the diseases in the traditional way and at the same time confirmed with most modern diagnostic equipment. This reduces over-dependency on a particular system in use and results in unparalleled success in treating common and rare diseases at the same time.
There are special treatment procedures as prescribed in Shalakya Tantra for the treatment of the organs of head and neck. They include Nasyam, Dhoomapanam, Gandoosham, Kabalam, Shirodhara, Shirovasthi, Anjanam, Tharpanam, Pratisaranam etc. Ayurvedic ophthalmology is seen to be highly effective in many degenerative ailments as well as infectious diseases. There are several methods advised in the classical textbooks of Ayurveda regarding proper care and prophylactic measurements for eyes.
The Ayurvedic texts of Sushrut Samhita, Charak Samhita and Ashtang Hruday have given a detailed description of shalakya tantra. It offers a detailed study of aetiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases that affect organs above the neck. According to the texts, there are about 76 diseases pertaining to the eyes, whereas the ears are prone to 25 different kinds of ailments. The nose can be affected by as many as 18 diseases, while the lips are easily susceptible to 11 types of diseases. Shalakya tantra finds a remedy for all such diseases. Shalakya Tantra is not only concerned with the immediate treatment of the ailments but also with the follow-up treatment, in order to ensure that the disease is uprooted and eliminated. Therefore, it proves to be one of the most effective methods of treating the ailments related to the upper portion of the body, above the neck.
The whole spectrum of eye-diseases is treated at Sreedhareeyam. All the 72 eye diseases mentioned in Ayurveda are treated here. They include the diseases that affect the Cornea, Eyelids, Optic nerves and the Retina. Every Year Sreedhareeyam treats about 52,000 Out-patients and around 4800 In-patients.

Major Eye Diseases Treated

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa
  • Refractive Errors (Myopia, Hyperopia, Presbyopia, Astigmatism)
  • Age-related macular degeneration,(ARMD)
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic Retinopathy,
  • Optic neuropathy/Toxic Optic neuropathy
  • Uveitis
  • Keratoconus
  • Squint
  • Cataract
  • Eales disease
  • Chronic dry eye


The ENT Diseases treated includes

  • Deafness
  • Tinnitus
  • Sinusitis
  • Nasal Septum Deviation
  • Head Aches

Kaya Chikitsa – General Treatments

Apart from the diseases of the eye, Sreedhareeyam has a separate division; called Soubhadram which handles all the ailments pertaining to skin, arthritis, muscle injuries, age-related ailments and all other imaginable ailments. We treat about 1200 cases of general diseases.
Some of these diseases are

  • Arthritis
  • Other Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetes Neuropathy
  • Skin Disorders
  • Varicose veins
  • Gynaecological Disorders
  • Mental Illnesses
  • Dementia etc

The treatment includes Panchakarma and External therapies rooted in Ayurveda. Modern measures such as Physiotherapy are also used to further the improvement in patients wherever necessary. Yoga and some Naturopathy procedures are also done if found necessary, under the supervision of a qualified Yoga and Naturopathy Physician.

Main Therapies

Abhyanga is an individually prepared herbal-oil massage designed to deeply penetrate the skin, relax the mind-body, break up impurities, and stimulate both arterial and lymphatic circulation. It enhances the ability of nutrients to reach starved cells and allows for the removal of stagnant waste. The desired result is a heightened state of awareness that will direct the internal healing system of the body.

Shirodhara is administered by gently and methodically pouring warm herbalized oil over the forehead, synchronizing brain waves and profoundly coordinating and calming the mind, body, and spirit.

Garshana treatments consist of a dry lymphatic skin brushing with either wool or a silk glove. This enhances circulation and cleans the skin so that subsequent oil and herbal treatments can penetrate deeply into freshly cleansed pores of the skin.

Swedana is an individually herbalized steam bath, during which the head and the heart are kept cool while the body is heated to remove mental, emotional and physical toxins lodged deeply within the tissues. The cool head and heart provide a sense of calm and openness while the therapeutic steam over the entire body can penetrate and cleanse deeply, without the body becoming overheated and stressed.

Pizichili is a continuous stream of warm herbalized oil soothingly poured over the body by two Ayurvedic therapists as they massage the body in perfect unison. The warmth of the oil and synchronicity of the massage combine for a deep tissue cleansing while supporting a heightened state of awareness that transcends description.

Udvartana is a deeply penetrating herbal paste lymphatic massage. This powerful exfoliating treatment magically Restore Your Natural Radiance conditions the skin while pressing stagnant lymphatic toxins out of the body.

Five Senses Therapy treatment combines the therapeutic effect of all five senses working in concert. Sound therapies are specific Vedic hymns and mantras recommended for each imbalance. Touch therapy enlivens specific vital points on the body called marma points. Taste therapy uses certain herbal medicines. Sight uses Ayurvedic color therapy, and smell is accessed with combinations of rare aromatics. The effect is a harmonizing of all the senses to bring one’s awareness to the source of thought and feeling within the heart.

Basti is a herbal enema specially prepared to pull toxins out of the colon. This is the final stage of each daily Panchakarma treatment. The freshly loosened impurities from each day of treatment are flushed out of the body via the effects of the basti. The basti also transports Ayurvedic medicines into the blood and tissues in order to transform the memory of damaged and toxic cells. It is considered one of the most important and most powerful aspects of the Panchakarma treatment.

Nasya consists of individually prescribed herbs and oil drops, inhaled through the nose, which clear the sinuses of excessive mucus. It is also an important therapy when medicating the central nervous system. This treatment combats the deep dryness that exists at the root of many respiratory and allergic conditions.